Artikel Review: Pirolis Biomassa

Sri Aulia Novita, Santosa Santosa, Nofialdi Nofialdi, Anda Suryani, Ahmad Fudholi

Sari


Artikel ini menjelaskan tentang definisi pirolisis dan pentingnya proses pirolisis dalam konversi termokimia biomassa menjadi bahan bakar fuel. Parameter-parameter yang mempengaruhi proses pirolisis seperti perlakuan awal terhadap biomassa, kadar air dan ukuran partikel bahan, komposisi senyawa biomassa, pengaruh suhu, heating rate, gas flow rate, waktu tinggal, jenis pirolisis, tipe reaktor pirolisis dan produk akhir pirolisis. Teknik pirolisis ini menghasilkan tiga macam produk akhir yaitu bio-oil, arang (biochar) dan gas. Artikel ini mengambil data dari beberapa artikel dan buku yang telah dipublikasikan.

Kata Kunci


pirolisis, biomassa, parameter pirolisis

Teks Lengkap:

PDF

Referensi


Abubakar Z, & Ani FN. (2013). Microwave assisted pyrolysis of oil palm shell biomass. J Me 2013;36:19–30.

Abnisa, F., Arami-Niya, A., Daud, W.W., Sahu, J.N., & Noor, I.M. (2013). Utilization of oil palm tree residues to produce bio-oil and bio-char via pyrolysis. Energy Convers. Manage. 76, 1073–1082.

Campanella A., & M.P. Harold. (2012). Fast pyrolysis of microalgae in a falling solids reactor: effects of process variables and zeolite catalysts, Biomass Bioenergy 46: 218–232,

Pütün A.E., E. Önal, B.B. Uzun, N. Özbay. (2007). Comparison between the “slow” and “fast” pyrolysis of tobacco residue, Ind. Crops Prod. 26 307–314

Pandey A., T. Bhaskar, M. Stöcker, R. Sukumaran. (2015). Recent advances in thermochemical conversion of biomass; Elsevier: Amsterdam (Netherlands). ISBN: 978-0-444-632890

Apaydin-Varol, E. Pütün, A.E. Pütün. (2007). Slow pyrolysis of pistachio shell, Fuel 86 1892–1899.

Oasmaa A., B. Van De Beld, P. Saari, D.C. Elliott, Y. Solantausta. (2015). Norms, Standards, and Legislation for Fast Pyrolysis Bio-oils from Lignocellulosic Biomass, Energy Fuels 29 2471.

Alvarez, J., Lopez, G., Amutio, M., Bilbao, J., & Olazar, M. (2014). Bio-oil production from rice husk fast pyrolysis in a conical spouted bed reactor. Fuel. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fuel.2014.02.074

A. Sharma, V. Pareek, D. Zhang. (2015). Biomass pyrolysis – a review of modelling, pro- cess parameters and catalytic studies, Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev. 50 1081–1096,

Ayllon M, Aznar M, Sanchez J, Gea G, Arauzo J. (2006). Influence of temperature and heating rate on the fixed bed pyrolysis of meat and bone meal. Chem Eng J 2006;121(2–3):85–96

Basu, P. (2010). Biomass Characteristics. In Biomass Gasification Design Handbook (First Edit). © 2010 Elsevier Inc.

B.B. Uzun, A.E. Pütün, E. Pütün. (2006). Fast pyrolysis of soybean cake: Product yields and compositions, Bioresour. Technol. 97 569–576.

Bridgwater, A. V. (2003). Renewable fuels and chemicals by thermal processing of biomass. Chemical Engineering Journal, 91(2–3), 87–102. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1385-8947(02)00142-0

B.M. Jenkins. (2011). Thermochemical Processing of Biomass Chapter 2.

Bridgwater, A. V. (2012). Review of fast pyrolysis of biomass and product upgrading. Biomass and Bioenergy, 38, 68–94. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biombioe.2011.01.048

Brown, R. (2006). Fast Pyrolysis and Bio-Oil Upgrading. January 2006.

Carrier M, Hardie AG, Uras Ü, Görgens J, (Hansie) Knoetze J. (2012) Production of char from vacuum pyrolysis of South-African sugar cane bagasse and its characterization as activated carbon and biochar. J. Anal. Appl. Pyrolysis 2012;96:24–32.

Chang, G., Huang, Y., Xie, J., Yang, H., Liu, H., Yin, X., & Wu, C. (2016). The lignin pyrolysis composition and pyrolysis products of palm kernel shell, wheat straw, and pine sawdust. Energy Conversion and Management, 124, 587–597.

Chintala, V., Kumar, S., Pandey, J. K., Sharma, A. K., & Kumar, S. (2017). Solar thermal pyrolysis of non-edible seeds to biofuels and their feasibility assessment. Energy Conversion and Management, 153(October), 482–492.

Czernik S, Bridgwater AV. (2004). Overview of applications of biomass fast pyrolysis oil. Energy Fuels 2004;18:590–8.

Damanhuri, E. (2009). Pengelolaan Bahan Berbahaya dan Beracun. 5 :164-168

Demiral, I., Eryazici, A., & Şensöz, S. (2012). Bio-oil production from pyrolysis of corncob (Zea mays L.). Biomass and Bioenergy, 36, 43–49.

Demirbas, A. (2004). Effects of temperature and particle size on bio-char yield from pyrolysis of agricultural residues. Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis, 72(2), 243–248.

Dhyani, V., & Bhaskar, T. (2018). A comprehensive review on the pyrolysis of lignocellulosic biomass. Renewable Energy, 129, 695–716.

E. Lazzari, T. Schena, C.T. Primaz, G.P. da Silva Maciel, M.E. Machado, C.A.L. Cardoso, R.A. Jacques, E.B. Caramão. (2016). Production and chromatographic characterization of bio-oil from the pyrolysis of mango seed waste, Ind. Crops Prod. 83 529–536

Encinar JM, Beltran FJ, Bernalte A, Ramiro A, Gonzalez JF. (1996). Pyrolysis of two agricultural residues: olive and grape bagasse. Influence of particle size and temperature. Biomass and Bioenergy 1996;11(5):397–409.

Fassinou WF, Van de Steene L, Toure S, Volle G, Girard P. (2009) Pyrolysis of Pinus pinaster in a two-stage gasifier: Influence of processing parameters and thermal cracking of tar. Fuel Process Technol 2009;90(1):75–90

Fathussalam, M., Putranto, A. W., Argo, B. D., Harianti, A., Oktaviani, A., Puspaningarum, F. P., & Putri, S. L. O. (2019). Rancang Bangun Mesin Produksi Asap Cair Dari Tempurung Kelapa Berbasis Teknologi Cyclone-Redistillation. Jurnal Ilmiah Rekayasa Pertanian Dan Biosistem, 7(2), 148–156.

F. Ateş, E. Pütün, A.E. Pütün. (2004). Fast pyrolysis of sesame stalk: Yields and structural analysis of bio-oil, J. Anal. Appl. Pyrolysis. 71 779–790

G. Belotti, B. De Caprariis, P. De Filippis, M. Scarsella, N. Verdone. (2014). Effect of Chlorella vulgaris growing conditions on bio-oil production via fast pyrolysis, Biomass Bioenergy 61 187–195,

Guedes, R. E., Luna, A. S., & Torres, A. R. (2018). Operating parameters for bio-oil production in biomass pyrolysis: A review. Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis, 129, 134–149. 9

Hakiem, Ilmiawan. (2011). Pengaruh Abu Sekam sebagai Cementitious Terhadap Beton.

Hornung A. (2014). Transformation of biomass: theory to practice. John Wiley & Sons;.

Howe DT, Westover T, Carpenter DL, Santosa D, Emerson R, Deutch S, et al. Field-to-fuel performance testing of lignocellulosic feedstocks: an integrated study of the fast pyrolysis/hydrotreating pathway. Energy Fuels 2015;29:3188–97

Huang, A. N., Hsu, C. P., Hou, B. R., & Kuo, H. P. (2018). Production and separation of rice husk pyrolysis bio-oils from a fractional distillation column connected fluidized bed reactor. Powder Technology, 323, 588–593.

Hulet, C., Briens, C., Berruti, F., Chan, E.W. (2005). A review of short residence time cracking

processes. International Journal of Chemical Reactor Engineering 3, 1–71.

J. Akhtar, N. Saidina Amin. (2012). A review on operating parameters for optimum liquid oil yield in biomass pyrolysis, Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev. 16 5101–5109

J. Encinar, F. Beltrán, A. Ramiro, J. González. (1998). Pyrolysis/gasification of agricultural valorization residues by carbon dioxide in the presence of different additives: influence of variables, Fuel Process. Technol. 55 219–233

Ji-lu, Z. (2007). Bio-oil from fast pyrolysis of rice husk: Yields and related properties and improvement of the pyrolysis system. Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis.

Jung,S.H, B.S. Kang, J.S. Kim. (2008). Production of bio-oil from rice straw and bamboo sawdust under various reaction conditions in a fast pyrolysis plant equipped with a fluidized bed and a char separation system, J. Anal. Appl. Pyrolysis 82 240–247

Kim KH, Eom IY, Lee SM, Choi D, Yeo H, Choi I-G, Choi JW. (2011). Investigation of physicochemical properties of biooils produced from yellow poplar wood (Liriodendron tulipifera) at various temperatures and residence times. J Anal Appl Pyrolysis 2011;92(1):2–9.

Kim, S.W, B.S. Koo, J.W. Ryu, J.S. Lee, C.J. Kim, D.H. Lee, G.R. Kim, S. Choi. (2013). Bio-oil from the pyrolysis of palm and Jatropha wastes in a fluidized bed, Fuel Process Technol. 108 18–124

Li, Z., Wang, L., Hays, T. S., & Cai, Y. (2008). Dynein-mediated apical localization of crumbs transcripts is required for Crumbs activity in epithelial polarity. Journal of Cell Biology, 180(1), 31–38.

Makibar. J, A.R. Fernandez-Akarregi, M. Amutio, G. Lopez, M. Olazar. (2015). Performance of a conical spouted bed pilot plant for bio-oil production by poplar flash pyrolysis, Fuel Process. Technol. 137 283–289.

Mondal, S., Mondal, A. K., Chintala, V., Tauseef, S. M., Kumar, S., & Pandey, J. K. (2018). Thermochemical pyrolysis of biomass using solar energy for efficient biofuel production: a review. Biofuels.

M. Stöcker. (2008). Biofuels and biomass‐to‐liquid fuels in the biorefinery: Catalytic conversion of lignocellulosic biomass using porous materials, Angew. Chemie Int. Ed. 47 9200–9211.

M. Staš, D. Kubička, J. Chudoba, M. Pospíšil, (2015). Prehľad aplikácií pyrolýzneho bio-oleja, Chem. Listy 109 499 (in Slovak).

Mushtaq F, Abdullah TAT, Mat R, Ani FN. (2015). Optimization and characterization of bio-oil produced by microwave assisted pyrolysis of oil palm shell waste biomass with microwave absorber. Bioresour Technol;190:442–50. https://doi.org/10. 1016/j.biortech.2015.02.055

Madadi, M., & Abbas, A. (2017). Lignin Degradation by Fungal Pretreatment: A Review. Journal of Plant Pathology & Microbiology, 08(02).

Mohan, D., Pittman, C. U., & Steele, P. H. (2006). Pyrolysis of wood/biomass for bio-oil: A critical review. In Energy and Fuels.

Mohamed AR, Hamzah Z, Daud MZM, Zakaria Z. (2013). The effects of holding time and the sweeping nitrogen gas flowrates on the pyrolysis of EFB using a fixed-bed reactor. Procedia Eng 2013;53:185–91.

M.R. Islam, M. Parveen, H. Haniu. (2010). Properties of sugarcane waste-derived bio-oils obtained by fixed-bed fire-tube heating pyrolysis, Bioresour. Technol. 101 4162–4168

M. Tripathi, J.N. Sahu, P. Ganesan. (2016). Effect of process parameters on production of biochar from biomass waste through pyrolysis: a review, Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev. 55 467–481,

Nachenius, R.W., F. Ronsse., R.H. Vanderbosh dan W.Prins. (2013). Biomass pyrolysis. BTG Biomass Technology Group BV, Enschede. Netherlands. pp: 76.

N.H. Zainan, S.C. Srivatsa, S. Bhattacharya. (2015). Catalytic pyrolysis of microalgae Tetraselmis suecica and characterization study using in situ synchrotron-based in- frared microscopy, Fuel 161 345–354,.

Ohliger, A., Förster, M., & Kneer, R. (2013). Torrefaction of beechwood : A parametric study including heat of reaction and grindability. Fuel, 104, 607–613.

Park HJ, Park Y-K, Kim JS. (2008). Influence of reaction conditions and the char separation system on the production of bio-oil from radiata pine sawdust by fast pyrolysis. Fuel Process Technol 2008;89(8):797–802.

Pattiya, A, S. Suttibak. (2012). Production of bio-oil via fast pyrolysis of agricultural residues from cassava plantations in a fluidised-bed reactor with a hot vapour filtration unit, J. Anal. Appl. Pyrolysis 95 227–235.

Pranoto, B., Pandin, M., Rahma Fithri, S., & Nasution, S. (2013). Biomass Potential Map As a Database of National Scale Biomass Energy Development. Ketenagalistrikan Dan Energi Terbarukan, 12(2), 123–130.

Qureshi, K. M., Abnisa, F., & Wan Daud, W. M. A. (2019). Novel helical screw-fluidized bed reactor for bio-oil production in slow-pyrolysis mode: A preliminary study. Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis, 142.

Rawat K. (2016). Biomass to fuel: conversion techniques. P. 155–94

R. Li, Z. Zhong, B. Jin, A. Zheng. (2012) Selection of temperature for bio-oil production from pyrolysis of algae from lake blooms, Energy Fuels 26 2996–3002,

S. Czernik, A. Bridgwater. (2004). Overview of Applications of Biomass Fast Pyrolysis Oil, Energy Fuels 18 590.

Senthilkumar, & Sankaranarayanan. (2015). "Effect of Jatropha methyl ester on waste plastic oil fueled DI diesel". Journal of the Energy Institute, pp.1-9.

Sharifzadeh, M., Sadeqzadeh, M., Guo, M., Borhani, T. N., Murthy Konda, N. V. S. N., Garcia, M. C., Wang, L., Hallett, J., & Shah, N. (2019). The multi-scale challenges of biomass fast pyrolysis and bio-oil upgrading: Review of the state of art and future research directions. Progress in Energy and Combustion Science, 71, 1–80.

Singh, B. (2018). Rice husk ash. In Waste and Supplementary Cementitious Materials in Concrete: Characterisation, Properties and Applications. Elsevier Ltd. 4

S. Şensöz, I. Demiral, H.F. Gerçel. (2006). Olive bagasse (Olea europea L.) pyrolysis, Bioresour. Technol. 97 429–436

S. Şensöz, D. Angin. (2008). Pyrolysis of safflower (Charthamus tinctorius L.) seed press cake in a fixed-bed reactor: Part 2. Structural characterization of pyrolysis bio-oils, Bioresour. Technol. 99 5498–5504.

Sumarni. (2008). Kinetika reaksi pirolisis plastik low density polyethylene, 15: 135-137

S. Wang, Q. Wang, X. Jiang, X. Han, H. Ji. (2013). Compositional analysis of bio-oil de- rived from pyrolysis of seaweed, Energy Convers. Manage. 68 273–280,

U. Moralı, S. Şensöz. (2015). Pyrolysis of hornbeam shell (Carpinus betulus L.) in a fixed bed reactor: Characterization of bio-oil and bio-char, Fuel. 150 672–678

Kan,T, V. Strezov, T.J. Evans. (2016). Lignocellulosic biomass pyrolysis: a review of product properties and effects of pyrolysis parameters, Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev. 57 126–1140,

Tripathi M, Sahu JN, Ganesan P, Dey TK. (2015). Effect of temperature on dielectric properties and penetration depth of oil palm shell (OPS) and OPS char synthesized by microwave pyrolysis of OPS. Fuel 2015;153:257–66

Tsai WT, Lee MK, Chang YM. (2007) Fast pyrolysis of rice husk: product yields and compositions. Bioresour Technol 2007;vol. 98(1):22–8.

Tsai WT, Chang CV, Lee S. (1997). Preparation and characterization of activated carbons from corn cob. Carbon 1997;35:1198–200.

Vassilev, S. V., Baxter, D., Andersen, L. K., & Vassileva, C. G. (2010). An overview of the chemical composition of biomass. Fuel, 89(5), 913–933.

Wang Y, He T, Liu K, Wu J, Fang Y. (2012). From biomass to advanced bio-fuel by catalytic pyrolysis/hydro-processing: hydrodeoxygenation of bio-oil derived from biomass catalytic pyrolysis. Bioresour. Technol 2012;108:280–4

W.N.R.W. Isahak, M.W.M. Hisham, M.A. Yarmo, T.Y. Yun Hin. (2012). A review on bio-oil production from biomass by using pyrolysis method, Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev. 16 5910–5923

W.T. Tsai, M.K. Lee, Y.M. Chang. (2007). Fast pyrolysis of rice husk: Product yields and compositions, Bioresour. Technol. 98 22–28.

Yeasmin H, Mathews JF, Ouyang S. (1999) Rapid devolatilisation of Yallourn brown coal at high pressures and temperatures. Fuel 1999;78(1):11–24.

Zhao X, Zhou H, Sikarwar VS, Zhao M, Park AHA, Fennell PS. (2017). Biomass-based chemical looping technologies: the good, the bad and the future. Energy Environ Sci 2017;10:1885–910.

Zhang H, Gao Z, Ao W, Li J, Liu G, Fu J, et al. (2017) Microwave-assisted pyrolysis of textile dyeing sludge using different additives. J Anal Appl Pyrolysis 2017;127:140–9.

Z. Hu, Y. Zheng, F. Yan, B. Xiao, S. Liu. (2013). Bio-oil production through pyrolysis of blue-green algae blooms (BGAB): product distribution and bio-oil characteriza- tion, Energy 52 119–125,


Refbacks

  • Saat ini tidak ada refbacks.


View My Stats