The Roots and Leaves Character of Drought Tomato on Application of ZnSO4

Amalia T Sakya, Endang Sulistyaningsih, Didik Indradewa, Benito Heri Purwanto

Abstract


Application of Zn, beside as an essential nutrient for plants, is known to increase the resistance of plants during drought condition. The purpose of the research was to study the effect of ZnSO4 application on root and leaf character of tomato plants in drought conditions. Research was arranged in factorial randomized completely block design. The treatment consists of ZnSO4 application methods (soil and foliar), ZnS04 dosage (0, 40 and 60 mg Zn kg-1 and cultivars ('Permata’ F1 and 'Tyrana’ F1). Watering intervals of every two and eight days were applied, representing non-stress and drought stress conditions during the growth period of the plant. The results showed that the all response of character roots and leaves of the tomato did not show interaction among the three factors. Root biomass, root length and root surface area of tomato plants depend on the method of application and ZnSO4 dosage. Soil application increased root biomass and root surface area. Root biomass of ‘Permata’ and ‘Tyrana’ showed differences in responses to dosage of ZnSO4. Leaf area responses in both cultivars ‘Permata’ and ‘Tyrana’ showed the same pattern of the ZnSO4 dosage. Response of leaf area ratio at each stage of tomato growth on ZnSO4 application was different.

Keywords


drought stress; tomato; ZnSO4

Full Text:

PDF

References


Akıncı S and D M. Lösel. 2012. Plant Water-Stress Response Mechanisms. In Water Stress. Ismail Md. Mofizur Rahman and H Hasegawa (Ed.), InTech. http://www.intechopen.com/books/water-stress/plant-water-stress-response-mechanisms

Amanullah, M.J. Hassan, K Nawab and A Ali. 2007. Response of Specific Leaf Area (SLA), Leaf Area Index (LAI) and Leaf Area Ratio (LAR) of Maize (Zea mays L.) to plant density, rate and timing of nitrogen application. World Applied Sciences Journal 2(3): 235-243.

Anjum S A, X Xie, L Wang, M F Saleem, C Man and W Lei. 2011. Morphological, physiological and biochemical responses of plants to drought stress. African Journal of Agricultural Research Vol. 6(9):2026-2032

Cakmak, I., 2000. Possible roles of Zinc in protecting plant cells from damage by reactive oxygen species. New Phytologist 146: 185–205.

Cakmak, I., B. Torun, B. Erenoglu, L. Ozturk, H. Marschner, M. Kalayci, H. Ekiz, and A. Yilmaz. 1998. Morphological and physiological differences in the response of cereals to zinc deficiency. Euphytica 100:349-357.

Fagaria, N.K. 2009. The Use of Nutrients in Crop Plants. CRC.Press. Boca Raton London

Gardner, F.P., R.B. Pearce, R.L. Mitchell. 1991. Fisiologi Tanaman Budidaya. Penterjemah Herawati Susilo. UI Press.

Hu, Y. and U. Schmidhalter. 2005. Drought and salinity: a comparison of their effects on the mineral nutrition of plants. Journal Plant Nutrition and Soil Science 168: 541–549.

Hu, H.and D. Sparks. 1991. Zinc deficiency inhibits chlorophyll synthesis and gas exchange in ‘Stuart’ pecan. Hort Science 26: 267–268.

Indradewa, D. 2002. Gatra Agronomis dan Fisiologis Pengaruh Genangan dalam Parit pada Tanaman Kedelai. Disertasi. Universitas Gadjah Mada.

Kafi M., Rostami M., 2007 – yield characteristics and oil content of three safflower (Carthmus tinctorius l.) Cultivars under drought in reproductive stage and irrigation with salin water. J. Agricultural Research 5(1): 121-131

Khan, H.R., G.K. Mc.Donald and Z. Rengel. 2004. Zinc fertilization and water stress affects plant water relations, stomatal conductance and osmotic adjustment in chickpea (Cicer arientinum L.) Plant and Soil 267: 271–284, 2004

Marschner, H. 1995. Mineral nutrition of Higher Plants. 2nd Edition. Academic Press, London, U.K..

Sharma P.N., A. Tripathi and S.S. Bisht. 1995. Zn requirement for stomatal opening in cauliflower. Plant Physiology: 107:751–756.

Vazin F., 2012. Effect of Zinc Sulfat on Quantitative and Qualitative Characteristics of Corn (Zea Mays) In Drought Stress. Cercetari Agronomics In Moldova XLV 3(151): 15-21




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15608%2Fstjssa.v13i2.542

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

View SAINS TANAH Stats