Certification of Organic Agriculture for rice production in Indonesia

Dedik Budianta, Yuanita Windusari, Supriyadi Supriyadi, Sri Yuliartini

Abstract


To make better the life, it is required safety foods for health. The health foods can be satisfied by organic farming that have more expensive price compared to foods derived from conventional agriculture. Organic farming is farming system based on biomass recycling or eliminating the use of materials as a synthetic agrochemical inputs. To determine whether the result of rice called as a organic product needs to be certified by the Organic Certification Board (OCB). According to the Indonesian National Standard 6729: 2013, organic farming systems are not only limited to not use material agrochemical synthetic, but must meet the requirements of organic farming systems in rice cultivation ranging from handling, storage, processing, transportation, labeling, marketing, production facilities, additional materials and other materials that are allowed start on farm to off farm should be separated from conventional agriculture. The farm is just a negate the use of agrochemicals and synthetic based on recycling without regard to the cultivation process and the system of post-harvest organic results are said to be food premium is not as organic food, because organic food is food produced from organic farming systems by applying processing practices to preserve the ecosystem of sustainable, control of weeds, pests, diseases, selection and crop rotation, water management, land preparation and planting and the use of biological materials. Thus the system of organic agriculture is a holistic production management system to improve and develop the agro-ecosystem health, including biodiversity, biological cycles and soil biological activity (Regulation of Indonesian Agriculture Ministry No. 64/2013). The first step that must be done is the conversion of land for food crops from anorganic to organic farming for 2 years did not get the requisite amount of agrochemical ingredients applied to the soil and 3 years for annual plants, after applying the organic farming system follows the Indonesian National standardization for organic farming. If agriculture in paddy soil can control the conventional farms into organic farming systems, then the resulting rice is as an organic product

Full Text:

PDF

References


Anonymous. 2011. The Future of Organic Food business agriculture. http: //kesehatan,kompas.com/read/2009/12/17/13270290/Alasan,Memilih,Pangan.Organikhttp: //www.dimonim.com/michael-samporna/pangan-organik-masa-depan-bisnis- agriculture /. Accessed: July 27, 2011 (in Indonesia).

Budianta, D. and Y. Windusari. 2016. Beneficial Effect of Local Resources to Improve Food Crop Production in Tidal Swamp of Indonesia. Inter. Of Env & J Agric Res 2 (1); 98-101.

Directorate General of Food Crops. 2016. Technical Guidelines Facilitation Certification of Organic Agriculture. Jakarta 25 pages (in Indonesian),

Lakitan, B., and N. Gofar. 2013. Technology Innovation Policy for Sustainable Land Management Sub-Optimal. Presented at the National Seminar on Land Sub Optimnal, Palembag, September 20 to 21, 2013 (in Indonesian).

Training report. 2014. Internal Control System (ICS) For Farmers Group Subak Sustainable Mambal, Mambal village, 27 to 28 April, 2014 (in Indonesian).

Organic Farming Insurance Agency of Indonesia (Board of Indonesian Organic Certification / BIOCert) Newsleter, Ke edition III / Th.3 (September-October 2006). Amarika States: Organic Food Market, Industry's Largest Organic As. httpbiocert, or.id. Accessed July 25, 2011.

Mayrowani, H. 2012. Development of Organic Agriculture in Indonesia. Agro Economic Forum Penelitian 30 (2): 91-108 (in Indonesian)

Mirawati, N. 2011. Analysis of Revenues and Perceptions of Members of the Implementation of Internal Control System (ICS) on Organic Rice Farming, the Graduate School. Institute of Agriculture Bogor.79 page (In Indonesian).

Parlyna, R and Munawaroh. 2011. Organic Food Consumption: Improve Consumer Health. Econo Sains 9 (2): 157-167 (in Indonesian).

Regulation of the Minister of Agriculture of the Republic of Indonesia Number 64 / Permentan / OT.140 / 5/2013 About Organic Farming Systems. News of the Republic of Indonesia No. 770, 2013 (in Indonesian).

Perbatakusuma, E.A., A. and P. Perangangin Damanik. 2009. Internal Control System Quality Organic Coffee: The implementation of the Cooperative Baperda Ususlkan Organic. Paper presented at the meeting Strengthening Business Management and Internal Control System Traceability of Sustainable Coffee Beans on December 9, 2009 at Berriestera-Sidikalang. 15 p (in Indonesian).

Sarawa. 2014. Organic Farming On Land Sub Optimal.Unhalo Press, 115 p (in Indonesian).

Indonesian National Standard. ISO 6729: 2013 About Organic Farming Systems. National Standardization Agency, Jakarta, 64 p (in Indonesian).

Sudirja, R. 2008. Sustainable Agricultural Development Based Organic Farming Systems. Paper presented at the Agricultural Extension, KKNM Unpad Sawit Villaget. Darangdan District, Purwakarta, August 7, 2008.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15608%2Fstjssa.v13i2.521

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.