The Change of Nutrients in Tidal Swamp Soil and Palm Oil Plant Due to Several Dosages Application of Palm Oil Mill Effluent on Planting Media

Bakri Bakri, Siti Masreah Bernas, Dedik Budianta, Muhammad Said


The change of several soil nutrients in tidal swamp area due to addition of palm oil mill effluent (POME) on soil media. The research objective was to determine the effect of different dosages application of palm oil mill effluent on nutrient changes within planting media. This experiment was conducted in a plastic house by using 8 month ages of plants consisting of 9 pots combined with 6 levels of BOD treatment (Biological Oxygen Demand) concentrations as follows: 20.000 mg/l (L5), 15.000 mg/l (L4), 10.000 mg/l(L3), 5.000 mg/l (L2), 2.500 mg/l (L1) and water only (Lo). The plants were grown for six months from December 2014 to June 2015. The variables observed were pH (H2O), pH KCl, C-Organic, N-Total, P-Bray I (ppm), K- dd, Na, Ca, Mg, Cation Exchange Capacity, Al-dd and H-dd as well as N, P and K nutrients of crop tissues. The results showed that addition of palm oil mill effluent increased soil pH and availability of soil N, P, K, Ca and Mg. Meanwhile nutrients content of N, P and K in tissues were not increased significantly by given POME with BOD up to 20.000 mg/l.

Full Text:



Bakri, S.M. Bernas and M. Said. 2015. Application of Various Liquid Waste Concentrations from Oil Palm Mill on the Growth of Oil Palm Plant. International Conference of Sustainable Agriculture and Food Security. Bandung Oct 12 -13.

Banua, I.S. and M.A. Palung. Land Application Effect of Palm Oil Mill Effluent on Nutrients Availability in Soil and Nutrients Concentration within Oil Palm Plant. Journal of Tropical Soil vol.13 no.1: 31-40.

Budianta, D.A., A. Y.A. Wiralaga, and W. Lestari. 2010. Change in Some Soil Chemical Properties of Ultisol Applied with Mulch from Empty Fruit Bunches in an Oil Palm Plantation. J. Trop Soil. Vol 15 No.2: 111-118.

Chuan Ng, P.H., H.H. Gan and K.J. Goh. 2011. Soil Nutrient Change in Ultisols Under Oil Palm in Johor, Malaysia. Journal of Oil Palm and Environment. 2:93-104

Darmosarkoro, W. 2013. Application of Palm Oil Mill Effluent (Land Aplication) in Oil Palm Plantation of Oil Palm Research Center, Medan. 39 pp.

Djaenuddin, B., Hardjowigeno S., Subagyo H., Sukardi M.,, Ismangun, Mursidi, Suharta D.S., Hakim L., Widagdo, Dai J., Suwandi V., S. Bachri, E.R. and Jordens, E.R. 1994. Land Suitability for Agricultural and Forestry Plants. Cooperation between Euroconsult with PT. ANDAL Agikarya Prima Center for Soil and Agroclimate Research, Bogor.

Elaart, A.L.J. 2004. Land and Water Management in Tidal Lowland Agriculture. Development of Tidal Lowland Management for Sustainable Food Tenacity. Proceeding of National Workshop and Seminar of Research and Study Results of Local Specific Agricultural Technology. Palembang. ISBN. 979.3566-17-5.

Igwe, J. C. and C.C. Onygbado. 2007. A Review of Palm Oil Mill Effluent (POME) Water Treatment. Global Journal of Environmental Research, 1 (2): 54 - 62.

Khalid, H., Zin, Z.Z. and Anderson, J.M. 1999. Quantification of Oil Palm Biomass and Nutrient Value in A Mature Plantation. Below - Ground Biomass. Journal of Oil Palm Research Vol 11 No 2. Kuala Lumpur. Malaysia.

Kheong, L. Z.A. Rahman, M.H. Musa and A. Hussein. 2010. Nutrient Absorbtion by Oil Palm Primary Roots as Affected by Empty Fruit Bunch Application. Journal of Oil Palm Research. Vol. 22 p. 711-720.

Minardi, S., Hartati, S., and Pardano. 2014. The Balance of Organic and Inorganic Fertilizer to Nutrient Limiting Factors, Soil Fertility and Mize (Zea mays L) Yield on Paddy Soil of Excavated. J. Sain Tanah – Jurnal Ilmu Tanah dan Agroklimatologi 11 (2) 2014.

Oil Palm Research Center. 1996. Research Report of Liquid Waste Utilization for Oil Palm Plant at Oil Palm Plantation. Medan.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.