Land Surface Coverage, Main Vegetation and Physical Soil Characteristics of West Side of Lawu Mountain
Sustainability of catchment area management of a mountain requeres identification the vegetation and condition of the major vegetation. This reserachs purpouse was characterizing major vegetation, coverage and soil properties at 1000 m elevation sea level to the top of Lawu mountain. Survey was started by identification of every vegetation unit followed by taking soil sample that was analyzed in laboratory for identifying the properties. Sampling and identification conducted close by common climbing track line to the top, including Jogorogo and Cemoro Sewu East Java, and Cemoro Kandang and Sukuh Central java. Coverage of vegetation used sattellite immage landsad and was analyzed by Arview software. Results showed that intens and dense forest was 36,22% and the other was rare density forest. Major vegetation of Lawu mountain was Pinus (Pinus merkusii), Cemara (Casuarina equisatifolia), Tanganan (Schleptera sp), Akasia gunung (Acasia decurren), rumput vestuca, Cantigi (Vaccinium sp) kayu pasang (Lithocarpus pruinusa) and vegetables on agriculture land. Every type of vegetation unit had different soil physycal properties of topsoil, while elevation had effect on soil bulk volume and porocity.
Buringh, P. (1979). Introduction to the study of soils in tropical and subtropical regions. Wageningen: PUDOC.
Maas.A, 2002. Peluang Pengelolaan Lahan Kering Berdasar Atas Evaluasi Lahan di DIY. Jurusan Tanah UGM.
Puspaningtyas OM, S Mursidawati, Sutrisno, J Asikin. 2003. Wild orchid in Java Island conservation area. PKT Kebun Raya Bogor -LIP/' Bogor.
Setyawan, A.D. 2001. Possibilities of Mount Lawu to be a National Park. J. Biodiversitas. Vol. 2, No. 2 pp: 163-168.
Shiddieq. D, 2002. Kuliah Kimia Tanah Lanjut. Fak Pertanian UGM.Jogjakarta
Swift, M., Bignell D, 2001. Standart Methodes for assessment of soil biodiversity and land use practice. International Center for Research in Agroforestry. Bogor Indonesia.
Sutanto, 1995. Pedogenesis: Fisika-Kimia Tanah Konsep Perkembangan Tanah Pembentukan Horison Diagnostik> Jurusan Tanah Fakultas Pertanian UGM
Yulla, N.D. 2010. Evaluation of orchid diversity in natural forest of south part of east Java. LIPI. Jakarta
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
View SAINS TANAH Stats