THE FACTORS THAT AFFECT RISK OF DECLINE IN RICE PRODUCTIVITY AT IRRIGATED RICE FIELDS DUE TO CLIMATE CHANGE
Farmers as farm manager, have experienced the impact of climate change. The most powerful impact is the decline in rice production due to unpredictable weather. The decline in rice production is the most powerful impact experienced by farmers. Thus, a research related to the factors that affect the risk of reduction of rice productivity due to climate change is conducted. This research was conducted at the watershed of Cemoro river in Central Java, with 120 farmers owning irrigated rice fields as samples.
The research shows that the farmers who adapt to the climate change, are able to have landed with higher productivity, compared to those who do not adapt. They have the higher percentage of risk of crop failure, than the adaptive farmers. Factors that affecting the reduction of land productivity, according to the multiple linear regression analysis, are education level, farming experience, an agricultural extension activity, the extent of land, ownership of livestock and farmer’s perception of climate change.
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