FARMERS’ ADAPTATION STRATEGIES TO CLIMATE CHANGE AND FOOD SECURITY OF HOUSEHOLDS OF ORGANIC RICE FARMERS IN TANGGAMUS REGENCY (ORDINAL LOGIT MODEL APPROACH)
These research aims were to analyze: (1) the farmers‘ adaptation strategies to climate change in farming and in maintaining food security, (2) the degree of food security of farmers’ households in both rainy and dry season, and (3) factors affecting the food security of farmers’ households. This research was carried out in Pekon Tampang Tua, Pematang Sawa Sub-district, Tanggamus Regency. The sample was taken in the census from 60 farmers who were certified to plant organic rice. Data was taken directly by interview survey on each farmer. Food security was measured by its definition according to FAO (1996) and Law of Indonesia. No.7 Year 1996. Factors affecting the food security of households were analyzed by using ordinal logit regression approach. The results showed that only 10 adaptation and anticipation on climate change strategies which has been applied by farmers Meanwhile, only 5 out of 7 strategies were applied by farmers to maintain the food security during climate change. The food security level of organic rice farmer’s households was higher in the rainy season compared to the dry season The analysis result showed that the farmers ‘adaptation strategies to climate change, education level of the patriarch, the price of rice, land area, and seasonal dummy variable in rice plantation affect positively on food security. Whilst, the number of family member, the price solid and liquid organic fertilizer negatively affect the food security level of organic rice farmer’s households.
Adaptation strategies; food security; organic rice; rain-fed rice field
- There are currently no refbacks.